20 USC § 123
Annual appropriations; inspection by Secretary of Education
through Pub. L. 116-344, except Pub. Ls. 116-260 and 116-283

Annual appropriations are authorized to aid in the construction, development, improvement, endowment, and maintenance of the university, no part of which shall be used for religious instruction. The university shall at all times be open to inspection by the Secretary of Education and shall be inspected by the said Secretary at least once each year.


1984—Pub. L. 98–480 inserted "endowment," after "improvement,".

1946—Act Aug. 7, 1946, repealed third sentence which required that an annual report of the affairs of the university be presented to Congress in the report of Office of Education.

1928—Act Dec. 13, 1928, authorized annual appropriations for the university, prohibited use of funds for religious instruction, made the university subject to inspection at least once a year by the Bureau of Education, and substituted provision that the annual report of the university's affairs be presented to Congress by the Bureau for provision that the Board of Trustees publish such an annual report.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–480 effective Oct. 1, 1984, see section 209 of Pub. L. 98–480, set out as an Effective Date note under section 130aa of this title.

Transfer of Functions

"Secretary of Education" substituted in text for "Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare" pursuant to sections 301(a)(2)(M) and 507 of Pub. L. 96–88 which are classified to sections 3441(a)(2)(M) and 3507 of this title and which transferred all functions of Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under this subchapter to Secretary of Education.

Functions of Federal Security Administrator transferred to Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and all agencies of Federal Security Agency transferred to Department of Health, Education, and Welfare by section 5 of Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1953, eff. Apr. 11, 1953, 18 F.R. 2053, 67 Stat. 631, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Federal Security Agency and office of Administrator abolished by section 8 of Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1953.

Office of Education transferred to Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, §§201, 204, eff. July 1, 1939, set out in the Appendix to Title 5.

Office of Education created and placed in Department of the Interior by the act of July 20, 1868, ch. 176, 15 Stat. 106, which abolished the Department of Education. In the appropriation act of July 12, 1870, ch. 251, 16 Stat. 242, the Office was designated the Bureau of Education. This designation was retained until the act of May 14, 1930, ch. 273, 46 Stat. 281, 319, which made appropriations for the "Office of Education."

Reports Continued

Office of Education was directed to continue its inspections of Howard University in accordance with provisions of existing law, by Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

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