In this chapter, the following definitions apply:
(A) the identification of a need;
(B) the establishment of the scope of research to address that need;
(C) setting an agenda;
(D) carrying out research, development, deployment, and testing of the resulting technology or innovation; and
(E) carrying out an evaluation of the costs and benefits of the resulting technology or innovation.
(A) the functions associated with intelligent transportation system user services;
(B) the physical entities or subsystems within which the functions reside;
(C) the data interfaces and information flows between physical subsystems; and
(D) the communications requirements associated with the information flows.
(A) contains technical specifications or other precise criteria for intelligent transportation systems that are to be used consistently as rules, guidelines, or definitions of characteristics so as to ensure that materials, products, processes, and services are fit for the intended purposes of the materials, products, processes, and services; and
(B) may support the national architecture and promote—
(i) the widespread use and adoption of intelligent transportation system technology as a component of the surface transportation systems of the United States; and
(ii) interoperability among intelligent transportation system technologies implemented throughout the States.
A prior section 501, added Pub. L. 90–495, §30, Aug. 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 830, related to declaration of policy as to highway relocation assistance, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–646, title II, §220(a)(10), Jan. 2, 1971, 84 Stat. 1903.
2012—Pars. (2) to (9). Pub. L. 112–141 added pars. (2) to (7), redesignated former par. (2) as (8), and added par. (9).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment
Authorization of Appropriations
"(A) $67,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
"(B) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
"(C) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
"(D) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
"(E) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
"(A) $72,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
"(B) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
"(C) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
"(D) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
"(E) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
"(1) administer the programs described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a); and
"(2) in consultation with relevant modal administrations, administer the programs described in subsection (a)(4).
"(1) be available for obligation in the same manner as if those funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal share of the cost of a project or activity carried out using those funds shall be 80 percent, unless otherwise expressly provided by this Act [div. A of Pub. L. 114–94, see Tables for classification] (including the amendments by this Act) or otherwise determined by the Secretary [of Transportation]; and
"(2) remain available until expended and not be transferable, except as otherwise provided in this Act."