42 USC § 1397bb
General contents of State child health plan; eligibility; outreach
July 4, 2020

(a) General background and description
A State child health plan shall include a description, consistent with the requirements of this subchapter, of—

(1) the extent to which, and manner in which, children in the State, including targeted low-income children and other classes of children classified by income and other relevant factors, currently have creditable health coverage (as defined in section 1397jj(c)(2) of this title);

(2) current State efforts to provide or obtain creditable health coverage for uncovered children, including the steps the State is taking to identify and enroll all uncovered children who are eligible to participate in public health insurance programs and health insurance programs that involve public-private partnerships;

(3) how the plan is designed to be coordinated with such efforts to increase coverage of children under creditable health coverage;

(4) the child health assistance provided under the plan for targeted low-income children, including the proposed methods of delivery, and utilization control systems;

(5) eligibility standards consistent with subsection (b);

(6) outreach activities consistent with subsection (c); and

(7) methods (including monitoring) used—

(A) to assure the quality and appropriateness of care, particularly with respect to well-baby care, well-child care, and immunizations provided under the plan;

(B) to assure access to covered services, including emergency services and services described in paragraphs (5) and (6) of section 1397cc(c) of this title; and

(C) to ensure that the State agency involved is in compliance with subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of section 1320a–7n(b)(2) of this title.

(b) General description of eligibility standards and methodology

(1) Eligibility standards

(A) In general
The plan shall include a description of the standards used to determine the eligibility of targeted low-income children for child health assistance under the plan. Such standards may include (to the extent consistent with this subchapter) those relating to the geographic areas to be served by the plan, age, income and resources (including any standards relating to spenddowns and disposition of resources), residency, disability status (so long as any standard relating to such status does not restrict eligibility), access to or coverage under other health coverage, and duration of eligibility. Such standards may not discriminate on the basis of diagnosis.

(B) Limitations on eligibility standards
Such eligibility standards—

(i) shall, within any defined group of covered targeted low-income children, not cover such children with higher family income without covering children with a lower family income;

(ii) may not deny eligibility based on a child having a preexisting medical condition;

(iii) may not apply a waiting period (including a waiting period to carry out paragraph (3)(C)) in the case of a targeted low-income pregnant woman provided pregnancy-related assistance under section 1397ll of this title;

(iv) at State option, may not apply a waiting period in the case of a child provided dental-only supplemental coverage under section 1397jj(b)(5) of this title; and

(v) shall, beginning January 1, 2014, use modified adjusted gross income and household income (as defined in section 36B(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) to determine eligibility for child health assistance under the State child health plan or under any waiver of such plan and for any other purpose applicable under the plan or waiver for which a determination of income is required, including with respect to the imposition of premiums and cost-sharing, consistent with section 1396a(e)(14) of this title.

(2) Methodology
The plan shall include a description of methods of establishing and continuing eligibility and enrollment.

(3) Eligibility screening; coordination with other health coverage programs
The plan shall include a description of procedures to be used to ensure—

(A) through both intake and followup screening, that only targeted low-income children are furnished child health assistance under the State child health plan;

(B) that children found through the screening to be eligible for medical assistance under the State medicaid plan under subchapter XIX are enrolled for such assistance under such plan;

(C) that the insurance provided under the State child health plan does not substitute for coverage under group health plans;

(D) the provision of child health assistance to targeted low-income children in the State who are Indians (as defined in section 1603(c) 1 of title 25); and

(E) coordination with other public and private programs providing creditable coverage for low-income children.

(4) Reduction of administrative barriers to enrollment

(A) In general
Subject to subparagraph (B), the plan shall include a description of the procedures used to reduce administrative barriers to the enrollment of children and pregnant women who are eligible for medical assistance under subchapter XIX or for child health assistance or health benefits coverage under this subchapter. Such procedures shall be established and revised as often as the State determines appropriate to take into account the most recent information available to the State identifying such barriers.

(B) Deemed compliance if joint application and renewal process that permits application other than in person
A State shall be deemed to comply with subparagraph (A) if the State's application and renewal forms and supplemental forms (if any) and information verification process is the same for purposes of establishing and renewing eligibility for children and pregnant women for medical assistance under subchapter XIX and child health assistance under this subchapter, and such process does not require an application to be made in person or a face-to-face interview.

(5) Nonentitlement
Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed as providing an individual with an entitlement to child health assistance under a State child health plan.

(c) Outreach and coordination
A State child health plan shall include a description of the procedures to be used by the State to accomplish the following:

(1) Outreach
Outreach (through community health workers and others) to families of children likely to be eligible for child health assistance under the plan or under other public or private health coverage programs to inform these families of the availability of, and to assist them in enrolling their children in, such a program.

(2) Coordination with other health insurance programs
Coordination of the administration of the State program under this subchapter with other public and private health insurance programs.

(3) Premium assistance subsidies
In the case of a State that provides for premium assistance subsidies under the State child health plan in accordance with paragraph (2)(B), (3), or (10) of section 1397ee(c) of this title, or a waiver approved under section 1315 of this title, outreach, education, and enrollment assistance for families of children likely to be eligible for such subsidies, to inform such families of the availability of, and to assist them in enrolling their children in, such subsidies, and for employers likely to provide coverage that is eligible for such subsidies, including the specific, significant resources the State intends to apply to educate employers about the availability of premium assistance subsidies under the State child health plan.

References in Text

The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (b)(1)(B)(v), is classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Section 1603(c) of title 25, referred to in subsec. (b)(3)(D), was redesignated section 1603(13) of title 25 by Pub. L. 111–148, title X, §10221(a), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 935.


2018—Subsec. (a)(7)(B). Pub. L. 115–271 substituted "paragraphs (5) and (6) of section 1397cc(c)" for "section 1397cc(c)(5)".

2016—Subsec. (a)(7)(C). Pub. L. 114–198 added subpar. (C).

2010—Subsec. (b)(1)(B)(v). Pub. L. 111–152 substituted "modified adjusted gross income" for "modified gross income".

Pub. L. 111–148 added cl. (v).

2009—Subsec. (a)(7)(B). Pub. L. 111–3, §501(a)(2), inserted "and services described in section 1397cc(c)(5) of this title" after "emergency services".

Subsec. (b)(1)(B)(iii), (iv). Pub. L. 111–3, §§111(b)(2), 501(b)(2), added cls. (iii) and (iv).

Subsec. (b)(4), (5). Pub. L. 111–3, §212, added par. (4) and redesignated former par. (4) as (5).

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 111–3, §201(b)(2)(B)(i), inserted "(through community health workers and others)" after "Outreach".

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 111–3, §302(a), added par. (3).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–271, title V, §5022(e), Oct. 24, 2018, 132 Stat. 3965, provided that:

"(1) In general.—Subject to paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 1397cc and 1397jj of this title] shall take effect with respect to child health assistance provided on or after the date that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 24, 2018].

"(2) Exception for state legislation.—In the case of a State child health plan under title XXI of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1397aa et seq.] (or a waiver of such plan), which the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines requires State legislation in order for the respective plan (or waiver) to meet any requirement imposed by the amendments made by this section, the respective plan (or waiver) shall not be regarded as failing to comply with the requirements of such title solely on the basis of its failure to meet such an additional requirement before the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning after the close of the first regular session of the State legislature that begins after the date of enactment of this section [Oct. 24, 2018]. For purposes of the previous sentence, in the case of a State that has a 2-year legislative session, each year of the session shall be considered to be a separate regular session of the State legislature."

Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Amendment by sections 111(b)(2), 201(b)(2)(B)(i), 212, 302(a), and 501(b)(2) of Pub. L. 111–3 effective Apr. 1, 2009, and applicable to child health assistance and medical assistance provided on or after that date, with certain exceptions, see section 3 of Pub. L. 111–3, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1396 of this title.

Pub. L. 111–3, title V, §501(a)(3), Feb. 4, 2009, 123 Stat. 85, provided that: "The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) [amending this section and section 1397cc of this title] shall apply to coverage of items and services furnished on or after October 1, 2009."

1 See References in Text note below.

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