42 USC § 2000e-16a
Short title; purpose; definition
July 4, 2020

(a) Short title
Sections 2000e–16a to 2000e–16c of this title may be cited as the "Government Employee Rights Act of 1991".

(b) Purpose
The purpose of sections 2000e–16a to 2000e–16c of this title is to provide procedures to protect the rights of certain government employees, with respect to their public employment, to be free of discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, or disability.

(c) "Violation" defined
For purposes of sections 2000e–16a to 2000e–16c of this title, the term "violation" means a practice that violates section 2000e–16b(a) of this title.

References in Text

Sections 2000e–16a to 2000e–16c of this title, referred to in text, was in the original "this title", meaning title III of Pub. L. 102–166, which is classified generally to sections 2000e–16a to 2000e–16c of this title. For complete classification of title III to the Code, see Tables.


Section was formerly classified to section 1201 of Title 2, The Congress.


1995—Pub. L. 104–1 amended section generally, substituting "rights of certain government employees" for "right of Senate and other government employees" in subsec. (b) and striking out definitions of "Senate employee" and "head of employing office" in subsec. (c).

1994—Subsec. (c)(1)(B) to (D). Pub. L. 103–283, which directed the amendment of subsec. (c) by striking out subpar. (B), redesignating subpars. (C) and (D) as (B) and (C), respectively, and striking out "or (B)" after "described in subparagraph (A)" in subpars. (B) and (C), was executed by making the amendment to subsec. (c)(1) to reflect the probable intent of Congress. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: "any employee of the Architect of the Capitol who is assigned to the Senate Restaurants or to the Superintendent of the Senate Office Buildings;".

Effective Date

Section effective Nov. 21, 1991, except as otherwise provided, see section 402 of Pub. L. 102–166, set out as an Effective Date of 1991 Amendment note under section 1981 of this title.

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