The Congress makes the following findings:
(1) As long as unemployment and underemployment continue as serious problems among disabled veterans and Vietnam-era veterans, alleviating unemployment and underemployment among such veterans is a national responsibility.
(2) Because of the special nature of employment and training needs of such veterans and the national responsibility to meet those needs, policies and programs to increase opportunities for such veterans to obtain employment, job training, counseling, and job placement services and assistance in securing advancement in employment should be effectively and vigorously implemented by the Secretary of Labor and such implementation should be accomplished through the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training.
1991—Pub. L. 102–83 renumbered section 2000 of this title as this section.
1988—Par. (2). Pub. L. 100–323, §15(b)(1), inserted "and Training" after "for Veterans' Employment".
Honoring Investments in Recruiting and Employing American Military Veterans
Pub. L. 115–31, div. O, May 5, 2017, 131 Stat. 838, as amended by Pub. L. 115–141, div. H, title I, §116, Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 713, provided that:
"SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
"This division may be cited as the 'Honoring Investments in Recruiting and Employing American Military Veterans Act of 2017' or the 'HIRE Vets Act'.
"SEC. 2. HIRE VETS MEDALLION AWARD PROGRAM.
"(1) to recruit, employ, and retain veterans; and
"(2) to provide community and charitable services supporting the veteran community.
"(1) solicit and accept voluntary applications from employers in order to consider whether those employers should receive a HIRE Vets Medallion Award;
"(2) review applications received in each calendar year; and
"(3) notify such recipients of their awards; and
"(4) at a time to coincide with the annual commemoration of Veterans Day—
"(A) announce the names of such recipients;
"(B) recognize such recipients through publication in the Federal Register; and
"(C) issue to each such recipient—
"(i) a HIRE Vets Medallion Award of the level determined under section 3; and
"(ii) a certificate stating that such employer is entitled to display such HIRE Vets Medallion Award.
"SEC. 3. SELECTION OF RECIPIENTS.
"(i) veterans constitute not less than 7 percent of all employees hired by such employer during the prior calendar year;
"(ii) such employer has retained not less than 75 percent of the veteran employees hired during the calendar year preceding the preceding calendar year for a period of at least 12 months from the date on which the employees were hired;
"(iii) such employer has established an employee veteran organization or resource group to assist new veteran employees with integration, including coaching and mentoring; and
"(iv) such employer has established programs to enhance the leadership skills of veteran employees during their employment.
"(C) Platinum hire vets medallion award.—No employer shall be eligible to receive a Platinum HIRE Vets Medallion Award in a given calendar year unless—
"(i) the employer meets all the requirements for eligibility for a Gold HIRE Vets Medallion Award under subparagraph (B);
"(ii) veterans constitute not less than 10 percent of all employees hired by such employer during the prior calendar year;
"(iii) such employer has retained not less than 85 percent of the veteran employees hired during the calendar year preceding the preceding calendar year for a period of at least 12 months from the date on which the employees were hired;
"(iv) such employer employs dedicated human resources professionals to support hiring and retention of veteran employees, including efforts focused on veteran hiring and training;
"(v) such employer provides each of its employees serving on active duty in the United States National Guard or Reserve with compensation sufficient, in combination with the employee's active duty pay, to achieve a combined level of income commensurate with the employee's salary prior to undertaking active duty; and
"(vi) such employer has a tuition assistance program to support veteran employees' attendance in postsecondary education during the term of their employment.
"(i) employs 5,000 or fewer employees; and
"(ii) employs at least one human resources professional whose regular work duties include those described under subparagraph (C)(iv).
"(A) employers with 50 or fewer employees; and
"(B) employers with more than 50 but fewer than 500 employees.
"SEC. 4. DISPLAY OF AWARD.
"It is unlawful for any employer to publicly display a HIRE Vets Medallion Award, in connection with, or as a part of, any advertisement, solicitation, business activity, or product—
"(1) for the purpose of conveying, or in a manner reasonably calculated to convey, a false impression that the employer received the Award through the HIRE Vets Medallion Award Program, if such employer did not receive such Award through the HIRE Vets Medallion Award Program; or
"(2) for the purpose of conveying, or in a manner reasonably calculated to convey, a false impression that the employer received the Award through the HIRE Vets Medallion Award Program for a year for which such employer did not receive such Award.
"SEC. 5. APPLICATION FEE AND FUNDING.
"(b) To the extent provided in advance in appropriations Acts, the Secretary may assess a reasonable fee on employers that apply for receipt of a HIRE Vets Medallion Award and the Secretary shall deposit such fees into the HIRE Vets Medallion Award Fund. The Secretary shall establish the amount of the fee such that the amounts collected as fees and deposited into the Fund are sufficient to cover the costs associated with carrying out this division.
"SEC. 6. INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION.
"The HIRE Vets Medallion Program shall begin to solicit applications on January 31 of the year that is 2 fiscal years after the fiscal year during which funds are first appropriated to carry out this division.
"SEC. 7. REPORT TO CONGRESS.
"(1) the fees collected from applicants for HIRE Vets Medallion Awards in the prior year and any changes in fees to be proposed in the present year;
"(2) the cost of administering the HIRE Vets Medallion Award Program in the prior year;
"(3) the number of applications for HIRE Vets Medallion Awards received in the prior year; and
"(4) the HIRE Vets Medallion Awards awarded in the prior year, including the name of each employer to whom a HIRE Vets Medallion Award was awarded and the level of medallion awarded to each such employer.
"(1) the Committees on Education and the Workforce [now Education and Labor] and Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives; and
"(2) the Committees on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and Veterans' Affairs of the Senate.
"SEC. 8. DEFINITIONS.
"In this division:
"(a) The term 'employer' means any person, institution, organization, or other entity that pays salary or wages for work performed or that has control over employee opportunities, except that such term does not include—
"(1) the Federal Government; or
"(2) any State government.
"(b) The term 'Secretary' means the Secretary of Labor.
"(c) The term 'veteran' has the meaning given such term under section 101 of title 38, United States Code."
Veterans Retraining Assistance Program
Pub. L. 112–56, title II, §211, Nov. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 713, provided that:
"(A) 45,000 during fiscal year 2012; and
"(B) 54,000 during the period beginning October 1, 2012, and ending March 31, 2014.
"(1) is approved under chapter 36 of such title;
"(2) is offered by a community college or technical school;
"(3) leads to an associate degree or a certificate (or other similar evidence of the completion of the program of education or training);
"(4) is designed to provide training for a high-demand occupation, as determined by the Commissioner of Labor Statistics; and
"(5) begins on or after July 1, 2012.
"(A) as of the date of the submittal of the application for assistance under this section, is at least 35 years of age but not more than 60 years of age;
"(B) was last discharged from active duty service in the Armed Forces under conditions other than dishonorable;
"(C) as of the date of the submittal of the application for assistance under this section, is unemployed;
"(D) as of the date of the submittal of the application for assistance under this section, is not eligible to receive educational assistance under chapter 30, 31, 32, 33, or 35 of title 38, United States Code, or chapter 1606 or 1607 of title 10, United States Code;
"(E) is not in receipt of compensation for a service-connected disability rated totally disabling by reason of unemployability;
"(F) was not and is not enrolled in any Federal or State job training program at any time during the 180-day period ending on the date of the submittal of the application for assistance under this section; and
"(G) by not later than October 1, 2013, submits to the Secretary of Labor an application for assistance under this section containing such information and assurances as that Secretary may require.
"(A) The total number of—
"(i) eligible veterans who participated; and
"(ii) associates degrees or certificates awarded (or other similar evidence of the completion of the program of education or training earned).
"(B) Data related to the employment status of eligible veterans who participated.
"(1) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pension of the Senate; and
"(2) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives."
Committee To Raise Employer Awareness of Skills of Veterans and Benefits of Hiring Veterans
Pub. L. 107–288, §6, Nov. 7, 2002, 116 Stat. 2046, established within the Department of Labor the President's National Hire Veterans Committee to carry out a national program to raise employer awareness of skills of veterans and benefits of hiring veterans, required reports to Congress not later than Dec. 31, 2003, 2004, and 2005 on the Committee's activities, and provided for termination of the Committee 60 days after submitting the report that was due on Dec. 31, 2005.
Report on Implementation of Employment Reforms
Pub. L. 107–288, §7, Nov. 7, 2002, 116 Stat. 2048, directed that the Comptroller General conduct a study on the implementation by the Secretary of Labor of the provisions of Pub. L. 107–288 during the program years beginning during fiscal years 2003 and 2004 and, not later than 6 months after the conclusion of the fiscal year 2004 program, submit to Congress a report on the study with appropriate recommendations.
Pilot Program To Furnish Employment and Training Information and Services to Members of Armed Forces Separating From Armed Forces
Pub. L. 101–237, title IV, §408, Dec. 18, 1989, 103 Stat. 2083, as amended by Pub. L. 104–66, title I, §1101, Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 722, provided that: